Silver “saddle rings” from the Celtic hillfort at Židovar (Banat region), northern Serbia
(2-1 c. BC)
Bronze rings from Židovar. One male ring of hammered thick bronze sheet, and female ring of cast bronze engraved with representations of a dolphin, palm branch and standing male figure.
(2-1 c. BC)
On the other Celtic treasures from Židovar see:
Fascinating article by Vojislav Filipovic of the Serbian Institute of Archaeology which investigates the illegal trade in Celtic artifacts from the Balkans to western Europe, the falsification of official documents facilitating their sale, and the ‘respectable’ western auction houses which ultimately benefit from the destructive, immoral and illegal business of trafficking in our cultural heritage.
Magnificent silver armlets, with coral inlay, looted from the burial of a Celtic lady at Sremska Mitrovica (Srem) in Serbia. In contrast to other parts of Celtic Europe, the serpent is very commonly depicted on Balkan Celtic art, indicating that it had a special religious significance for tribes in this part of Europe.
(3/2 c. BC)
Limestone pillar statue of the Boar God – MOCCOS, from Euffigneix, (Haute-Marne) France (1st c. BC)
3 gold Celtic finger rings from southern Germany, decorated with fantastic zoomorphic and anthropomorphic compositions – sold in 2017 to private buyers by the British Auction House Christie’s in New York. The religious iconography on such rings strongly suggest that they belonged to Celtic religious leaders / druids.
(4 c. BC)
Rare example of a fully preserved Celtic helmet – from a warrior burial at Giubiasco (Ticino), Switzerland. Such helmets date from the late 4th/early 3rd c. BC, i.e. the period of Celtic expansion into Italy which culminated in the destruction of the Roman army at the Battle of the Allia (18 July 390 BC), and the capture of Rome.
Fascinating narrative scene on a Celtic gold diadem from Mones in Asturias (Spain). The narrative features the themes of resurrection/ rebirth and the transformation of men into birds – a key element of the metempsychosis process and a common theme in Celtic art.
(4/3 c. BC)